вторник, 22 мая 2012 г.

423

ИНФОРМАЦИОННЫЙ БЮЛЛЕТЕНЬ # 423

ЦЕНТРА ИЗУЧЕНИЯ ПРАВОСЛАВИЯ И ДРЕВНЕРУССКОЙ КУЛЬТУРЫ

КОНФЕРЕНЦИИ**СОБЫТИЯ** ПУБЛИКАЦИИ http://drevnerus.philosophy.spbu.ru/

Адрес для переписки: drevnerus@gmail.com, drevnerus@narod.ru

Мы будем рады любой информации

Мы не редактируем тексты информационных сообщений.

При перепечатке ссылка на рассылку Центра изучения православия и древнерусской культуры обязательна

Редактор бюллетеня Т.В. Чумакова

Теперь читайте и в блоге http://drevnerus.blogspot.com

В блоге архив с 2007 года и информация о том, по каким адресам Вы можете подписаться на наш бюллетень

Теперь бюллетень и в Гугл группе https://groups.google.com/forum/?hl=ru&fromgroups#!forum/bulletsentra

*****************************

22 мая 2012 г.

******************************

Информационное сообщение №2


Первый конгресс российских исследователей религии


«РЕЛИГИЯ В ВЕК НАУКИ»


состоится 15-17 ноября 2012 года


в рамках традиционных Дней петербургской философии


Место проведения:


Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет

и

Государственный музей истории религии

(Санкт-Петербург)




На конгрессе предполагается обсудить следующий круг тем:


  • роль религии в условиях роста науки и технологий и их усиливающегося влияния на жизнь человека и общества;


  • десекуляризация versus развитие информационных технологий, когнитивных и естественных наук;


  • религия, наука и массовая культура;


  • глобализация науки и «национализация» религий


Заявки просим направлять по электронному адресу

confrelig-spb2011@yandex.ru до 15 сентября 2012 г.


В заявке следует указать: фамилию, имя, отчество, ученое звание, научную степень, место работы, должность, город, страну, контактный телефон и электронный адрес.


Заявленную тему доклада просим сопроводить аннотацией (до 500 знаков).

Оргкомитет оставляет за собой право отбора докладов с учетом их соответствия тематике конференции.

Продолжительность докладов – до 15 минут. Предполагается обсуждение докладов и публикация материалов конгресса.


Проживание и транспортные расходы – за счет командирующей стороны.

==================

Call for papers


International conference


"Images of the Other in Central and Eastern Europe.


Continuity and change in mutual perceptions between 1968 and 1989"


Venue and time: German Historical Institute Warsaw, 15th-17th November 2012


Hosting institutions:


* German Historical Institute Warsaw (GHI Warsaw)


* European Network Remembrance and Solidarity (ENRS)


* Institute for Political Studies of the Polish Academy of Sciences (ISP PAN)




in cooperation with the Chair for Central and Eastern European Studies of Chemnitz University of Technology


Concept and organization:


* Prof. Dr. hab. Wanda Jarząbek (ISP PAN)


* Dr. Jens Boysen (GHI Warsaw)


* Dr. Burkhard Olschowsky & Dr. Dominik Pick (ENRS)




The two decades between the crushing of the Prague Spring in 1968 and the downfall of the Communist regimes in Central and Eastern Europe in 1989 were characterised not only by changing trends in 'real politics' but as well by a variety of ideas and images that existed in those societies regarding the political, societal, cultural, religious and other framework systems. Increasing cross-border impressions and experiences contributed to a gradual widening of people's "horizons" and to more differentiated patterns of thinking and behaviour, as well as, accordingly, a more complex perception of other persons' points of view.


The planned conference aims to reconstruct these changes in "Images of the Other" on a national and international scale. The term of the "Other" is meant here to describe any social strata, groups or individuals perceived by a given observer as being of relevance for his/her own societal-political orientation. This could apply as well to members of their own society as to those of other nations - be it within their own alliance or across the Iron Curtain.


The processes of perception of "Others" are based on experiences and memories and it is the created images that go on to change our further phases of perception. These processes were influenced by various internal and external factors: certainly the détente policy of the 1970s, but as well changing global trends of this time, such as cultural liberalisation, the change of generation and change in values, or the establishment of the "consumers' society".


In this context, the conference is intended to address, among others, the following issues:


- What impact did the modernisation phenomena (e.g., change in values, urbanisation, spreading of education, differentiated etc.) have on the worldview of individuals and societies?


- How do people compare their own life conditions to those of other individuals or groups within their own society?


- What relation could be observed between peoples' own experiences with other countries' citizens and those specified in the state-issued guidelines regulating the officially desired "Images of Others"?


- How significant were positive, negative or neutral stereotypes - including those from before 1945 - in perception of "Others", especially coming from other nations?


- What impact did personal experiences abroad have on people's life back home and on their relationships with other society groups?


- To what extent was the perception of a common European 'destiny' during the Cold War of relevance to individual and collective identities?


- Did the common experience of life under a dictatorship create some kind of special empathy among the societies in the Soviet sphere of influence?


- In which way did the realities of dictatorships in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe influence the way their citizens were perceived in the West?


The conference is expected to show the multi-level character of the societal communication processes that shaped these images, as well as to highlight the diverse contacts established by state and non-state actors in the fields of culture, media, politics, economy, education and sports. Keywords here are self-images and alien images, auto- and heterostereotypes.


A focus will be placed on examples of cultural transfers across the borders of nations and alliances. Especially, a bottom-up approach shall be used to illustrate the social contacts and encounters that create long-lasting images and cultural patterns. Using historical remembrance terminology, that means contributions on the relationship between individual, collective and cultural memories, principally in the societies of "real socialism" but also in democratic societies.


We invite you to submit paper proposals in particular for comparative studies that cover several countries and/or long-term processes that reach beyond the 'landmark' set in 1980-81 by "Solidarity".


The paper proposals should concentrate on Central and Eastern Europe, principally the then Communist states: GDR, Poland, Czechoslovakia and Hungary, but as well the "old" Federal Republic of Germany and Austria. Additionally, we invite you to submit further proposals concerning relations in this region as well as with other countries in Western Europe, the Soviet Union, USA, and Canada.




Proposals should be sent by June 15th 2012, to the following address:


German Historical Institute Warsaw, c/o Dr Jens Boysen, Aleje Ujazdowskie 39, PL-00-540 Warszawa


E-mail: neighbours@dhi.waw.pl <mailto:neighbours@dhi.waw.pl>


Abstracts should include a summary of the topic and the planned methodology, as well as a brief biography (in total max. 1,5 pages). Please include information regarding your active and passive knowledge of foreign languages.


The organisers intend to produce a post-conference publication.

========================

Call for Papers:

Faith, Gender, and the Senses in Early Modern Art

RSA, San Diego, 4-6 April 2013


Organizers: Erin E. Benay, Case Western Reserve University & Lisa Rafanelli, Manhattanville College


In recent years, numerous conference sessions and symposia have addressed the role of the senses in the genesis and reception of Renaissance art. Much of the important work to have emerged from these conversations concerns the revaluing of the visual reception of art in the period and has suggested the importance of touch, hearing, and even smell and taste in the multi-sensory experience of early modern art. Building on this rich dialogue, this session aims to explore the way the senses were evoked in devotional contexts, where questions of the validity of sensory experience were particularly contentious. We invite papers that focus especially on the ways in which the senses operated with regard to issues of narrative structure, the intersection of the senses and epistemology in sacred art, or how sensory perception and its representation was delimited by gender and viewership.


Please email (as MS Word attachments) an abstract of no more than 150 words, a one-page CV, and contact information to both organizers by June 1. erin.benay@oswego.edu Lisa.Rafanelli@mville.edu


Quellennachweis:

CFP: Faith, Gender, and the Senses in Early Modern Art (RSA, San Diego, 4-6 Apr 13). In: H-ArtHist, 19.05.2012. Letzter Zugriff 21.05.2012. <http://arthist.net/archive/3307>.

======================

Science and Religion Forum


2012 Annual Conference


Thursday 6 to Saturday 8 September 2012

'The soul – can the concept of the soul still have meaning?'


This year's Conference will take place at the Regent's Park College,

Oxford from Thursday 6 to Saturday 8 September 2012.The Conference is open

to members and non-members of the Science and Religion Forum.


The Forum's conference will address the concept of the soul and the main

speakers will include:


Professor Chris Frith - Emeritus Professor in Neuropsychology at UCL and

Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford


Professor Peter Harrison, Director, Centre for the History of European

Discourses, University of Queensland


Fr Peter Hunter OP, Blackfriars Hall, University of Oxford


Professor Alister McGrath, Department of Education and Professional

Studies, King's College London


Professor Nancey Murphy, Professor of Christian Philosophy, Fuller

Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California


Professor Mona Siddiqui, Professor of Islamic and Interreligious Studies,

and Assistant Principal for Religion and Society, University of Edinburgh


Bookings and Registration

The Conference fees are as follows:

SRF members and spouses£230


Non-members£260


Students£110


The fee covers registration, accommodation, meals and coffee/tea breaks,

and conference documents.


For those wishing to attend as non-residents the fee (with dinner) is £135

for members and £165 for non-members




Please complete a conference registration form and e-mail or post it to

the Membership Secretary


Mrs Hilary Martin


Glebelands


Brockenhurst Road


Ascot


Berkshire


SL5 9HB


or e-mail:hilarymartin@lineone.net




The closing date for conference applications is 31 July 2012.


Payment must be included with the Conference registration form or payment

may be made by credit card through PayPal (please see the Forum's website

for details of how to make a payment through PayPal).


A small number of bursaries are available to assist with the cost of

Conference attendance (see below for details).


Registration will begin at 3.30 p.m. on Thursday 6 September, and the

Conference will begin at 4.30 p.m. with a short introductory session

followed by the Gowland Lecture to be given by Professor Peter Harrison,

one of the Forum's Vice-Presidents. There will be a service of worship on

the Friday morning, to which all participants are welcomed. The Conference

dinner will be held on the Friday evening. The Conference will end with

lunch on Saturday 8 September.


Regent's Park College has no car parking facilities and car parking in the

centre of Oxford is very difficult.Delegates travelling by car may wish to

use one of Oxford's 'park-and-ride' car parks (details will be sent to all

registered participants).


Call for Short papers


Each person attending the conference is invited to offer a paper for

presentation in a Short Paper session.Short papers must be related to the

main conference theme.


Each speaker will have a maximum of 15 minutes presentation time, to be

followed by 10 minutes discussion. Proposals, in the form of a title and a

200 word summary, should be sent by Friday 22 June 2012 to Dr Andrew

Robinson at a.j.robinson@exeter.ac.uk.




Submissions will be acknowledged within two weeks of receipt. If you do

not receive an acknowledgment please re-submit your proposal. Acceptance

of short papers will be according to criteria of quality, originality,

relevance to the conference theme, and plausibility of presentation within

15 minutes. Submissions from students are particularly encouraged. Those

whose proposals are accepted will be informed by Friday 27 July 2012.


Bursaries

The Forum is offering a limited number of bursaries, each worth £60, to

members of at least six month's standing who have no financial assistance

from employers or sponsors. Students in full-time education may also apply

for a bursary even if they are not yet members of the Forum.


Bursary applications, preferably by e-mail, should be sent to the

Membership Secretary, Mrs Hilary Martin (address above).


The closing date for Bursary applications is 30 June 2012.




Peacocke Student Essay Prize




In memory of its founding President and former Chairman, the Revd Dr

Arthur Peacocke, the Science and Religion Forum offers a prize for an

essay directly relevant to the theme of its annual conference.




The prize is open to all undergraduate and post-graduate students in full

or part-time education. The prize will consist of a cash award of £100,

free membership of the Forum for one year, and the UK travel and

accommodation costs (or equivalent of) of the winner's participation in

the Forum's 2012 conference. Subject to the decision of the panel, the

winning essay will be published in the Forum's journal (Reviews in Science

and Religion) and the winner will have the opportunity to present the

paper at the annual conference.





The essay should not exceed 5000 words in length, including footnotes but

excluding references.It should be preceded by an abstract of no more than

250 words, and should be submitted as an email attachment in Microsoft

Word format, no later than 31 July 2012 to Dr Louise Hickman:

l.hickman@newman.ac.uk. Dr Hickman will answer any questions about the

prize. All submissions will be acknowledged within 1 week of receipt.






The essay should be the original work of the applicant – unacknowledged

quotation from the work of others will automatically disqualify the

entry.Copyright in the essay will remain with the author. Each submission

should be accompanied by a statement from the author's Supervisor or Head

of Department, confirming the author's student status and indicating

awareness that the essay has been submitted. The adjudicators reserve the

right not to award the Prize if no entry of sufficient standard is

received.Their decision will be final, and no correspondence about it will

be entered into.


For further information about the Science and Religion Forum please see

www.srforum.org


воскресенье, 13 мая 2012 г.

422

ИНФОРМАЦИОННЫЙ БЮЛЛЕТЕНЬ # 421

ЦЕНТРА ИЗУЧЕНИЯ ПРАВОСЛАВИЯ И ДРЕВНЕРУССКОЙ КУЛЬТУРЫ

КОНФЕРЕНЦИИ**СОБЫТИЯ** ПУБЛИКАЦИИ http://drevnerus.philosophy.spbu.ru/

Адрес для переписки: drevnerus@gmail.com, drevnerus@narod.ru

Мы будем рады любой информации

Мы не редактируем тексты информационных сообщений.

При перепечатке ссылка на рассылку Центра изучения православия и древнерусской культуры обязательна

Редактор бюллетеня Т.В. Чумакова

Теперь читайте и в блоге http://drevnerus.blogspot.com

В блоге архив с 2007 года и информация о том, по каким адресам Вы можете подписаться на наш бюллетень

Теперь бюллетень и в Гугл группе https://groups.google.com/forum/?hl=ru&fromgroups#!forum/bulletsentra

*****************************

13 мая 2012 г.

******************************

======================

Call for Papers


Theme: Religion, Value, and a Secular Culture

Type: International Conference

Institution: Council for Research in Values and Philosophy (CRVP)

University of Kwazulu-Natal

Location: Durban (South Africa)

Date: 5.–6.11.2012




By the term "secular culture" is meant one which problematizes the

foundations for the various religious beliefs that make up the

traditions of that society, though the public order may not be

founded on any particular expression in those traditions, of the

ethical framing of life together. The shift from a premodern culture

is characterized by two central changes: (i) the greater degree of

individual freedom. This is recognized as a key value in changing

societies and is given expression in the democratic institution of

universal suffrage; and (ii) the emergence and prestige of the

sciences and of scientific method as the default paradigm of human

knowledge.


As the major religious traditions acquired their canonical expression

in premodern culture, they do not to any great extent deal with a

thought-out response to the major factors or key values which

characterize contemporary culture. Thus the first factor challenges

the traditions to re-think attitudes to women, to moral rules and

values, and to hierarchy; the second factor calls upon religious

thinkers and leaders to be involved in dialogue with the sciences and

knowledge acquired thereby.


One response to these changed conditions of society has been to

remove religion and religious beliefs altogether from public debate.

This is then framed solely in terms of individual human rights and

the values of equality and tolerance. However, in the absence of any

foundation for these rights and values, this framework might itself

seem arbitrary and imposed, in particular in a global situation of

the interaction of more developed with still developing cultures and

economies. A purely procedural democracy and ethical framework might

disallow real dialogue on substantive values or with persons.


Not amenable to scientific inquiry strictly speaking. Religious

fundamentalism, for its part, sees no possibility of such dialogue,

and can be seen, as does Karen Armstrong, rather as a reaction

thereto.


Papers are invited from any discipline whether philosophical,

theological-religious, sociological, psychological, legal, political,

and on any issue arising out of these intellectual challenges:


- Developments within religious traditions in response to secularity


- Conflicts and divisions within religious traditions in meeting

the new conditions for religious beliefs


- Differing political frameworks for regulating interaction between

state and religion


- Legal matters arising from separation of church and state


- Religious traditions as challenging dominant models of secular

ethics, in particular a possible bias towards individualism


- The problems of building human community and countering

fragmentation in conditions of a secular culture


- Fundamentalism as response and resistance to secularity; recourse

to violence


- Secularisation in relation to neo-colonialism


- Responses of particular countries in the face of secularism –

South Africa, Turkey, United States, and others


- Secularism depicted and problematized in fiction – Pamuk's Snow,

Dastgir's A Small Fortune, for example


- Secularism and particular religious traditions – Islam,

Christianity, Hinduism, for example


- Romantic love as a theme in religious responses to secular

changes – Pamuk, Dastgir, Shutte's Conversion, for example


- Transcendence in a framework of immanence in the religious

traditions


- African traditional thought and response to secularism


- Debates between science and religion – open and closed versions

of neo-Darwinism


- Studies of a contemporary writer on these theological themes:

Karen Armstrong; Keith Ward; Mustafa Akyol; Mark Johnston; for

example; or on the ethical themes: Alisdair MacIntyre, Herbert

McCabe, Marilynn Robinson, for example


- Philosophical frameworks for fruitful dialogue between secular

culture and religious traditions: B. Lonergan; Charles Taylor; and

others



Contact:


Professor John Patrick Giddy

University of Kwazulu-Natal

Durban

South Africa

Email: Giddyj@ukzn.ac.za

Web: http://www.crvp.org/conf/2012/durban.htm


=================

Call for Papers


Theme: Traditional Values and Virtues in Social Life Today

Type: International Conference

Institution: Council for Research in Values and Philosophy (CRVP)

Center for the Study of Ethics, Renmin University

Location: Beijing (China)

Date: 2.–3.6.2012

Deadline: 30.4.2012


__________________________________________________



The transition from traditional to modern society which has lasted

some four centuries draws different regions of human society into an

almost synchronous process of globalization. Compared to traditional

society, however, modernization is also a utilitarian pursuit of

material interests and desires, which inevitably has led to a loss of

traditional morality.


Alasdair MacIntyre has even described our times as coming 'after

virtue'. Thus the process of globalization inevitably raises such

questions as


- the relation of values and virtues,


- the relation of both to culture and religion,


- whether in contemporary society traditional moral virtues have lost

their vitality, and if so


- how to renew these by values as foundations for a contemporary

moral life.


With him, since the 1980s many ethicists in the West have gone back

to Aristotle to advocate a 'virtue ethics,' which has now become an

important contemporary school. For China this raises the question of

the position of traditional values and virtues in contemporary social

life; do they respond to the moral issues of modern society; and to

what extent do changing values provide the additional resources

needed for a global ethics.


All this calls for research in ethics that looks not only back to the

tradition in response to issues of modernization and globalization,

but must examine the human predicament in contemporary society and

rediscover the significance of human values and virtues for life

today.


Logistics


The conference will be organized by the Center for the Study of

Ethics, Renmin University, Beijing, China, where it will be held, and

the Council for Research in Values and Philosophy (RVP). Scholars of

different cultural traditions, East and West, are invited to come

together to discuss the status and fate of traditional values and

virtues in contemporary society, and how to evolve them for our

global times.


The selection of conference papers will be conducted on the basis of

one page English abstract which should be submitted as soon as

possible via email to Professor Gong Qun, <gongqun@ruc.edu.cn> or

<gongqun2001@yahoo.com>, with copy to <cua-rvp@cua.edu>. Responses

will be sent to the applicants soon after the reception of your

abstract and at least by the end of April, 2012. Full paper should be

sent by May 15, 2012.


There is no application fee. Travel will be covered by the

participants or their home institutions.


Conference website:

http://www.crvp.org/conf/2012/beijing.htm

==========================

Dear colleagues,


The Konitsa Summer School organising committee is pleased to announce

that applications are now being accepted for the 7th "International

Summer School in Anthropology, Ethnography and Comparative Folklore of

the Balkans".





The deadline for the submission of applications is May 15, 2012.


Key lectures will be delivered by Prof. Keith Hart and Prof. Ulf



1. ///Albanian Culture and Society in Ethnographic and

Anthropological Analysis: A Critical Perspective/

2. ///Rituals, Symbols and Identities in Rural and Urban Contexts:

Approaches from Folklore and Anthropology/

3. ///Doing Fieldwork: Theory, Method and the Production of

Anthropological Knowledg/

4. /Ethnographic Research in Border Areas /(fieldwork exercise in

Albania and Greece)


6. ///Soundscapes of the Balkans: Flocks and Local Feasts, Rock-Bands

and Radio Waves/

7. ///The Anthropology of Dance/


For more, have a look at the following link:


http://www.hist-arch.uoi.gr/SUMMERSCHOOL/index.html

<http://www.hist-arch.uoi.gr/SUMMERSCHOOL/index.html>

==========================

The Journal SOCIETATE ȘI POLITICĂ is searching for articles and book

reviews for its Autumn 2012 issue. This issue will focus on:




God and the Order of Nature in Early Modern Thought: Topics in

Metaphysics, Epistemology, and Natural Science




Invited editors:




Laura Georgescu (University of Bucharest)




Grigore Vida (New Europe College, Bucharest)




In the contemporary world, we are used to consider science and religion as

entirely separate domains. However, in the early modern period the aim of

scientific inquiry was often considered to be the deciphering of God's

plan and will, as manifested in nature. It was not only theology and

metaphysics that dealt with God; natural philosophy and even mathematics

were also deeply tied to conceptions about God's involvement in nature as

a creator and sustainer of its order. Conceptions about God and his

relation to the created world directly determined the scientific practice

in terms of methodological, epistemological or metaphysical principles; at

the same time, the effort to make nature intelligible ended up in

revealing God's intentions or even his "nature". This special issue of

Societate și politică aims to explore the ways in which God and the order

of nature were treated in a single natural-philosophical enterprise,

mutually influencing each other. Societate și politică welcomes research

coming from different fields (history of philosophy, history and

philosophy of science, history and philosophy of mathematics, etc.) and

strongly encourages cross-disciplinary approaches.




SOCIETATE ȘI POLITICĂ is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal published by

Western University "Vasile Goldiș", Arad, Romania. See

http://uvvg.ro/socpol/. It welcomes original, high-quality research coming

from the disciplines of philosophy, history of political thought,

intellectual history, history and philosophy of science, favouring

interdisciplinary and cross- disciplinary approaches. Papers no longer

than 8.000 words, or book reviews no longer than 800 words, should be

submitted by email to Grigore Vida, grigore.vida@gmail.com and Laura

Georgescu, mailgeorgescu.laura@gmail.com.




http://blogs.ub-filosofie.ro/filosofie/2012/04/20/cfp-societate-si-politica/





For the authors guidelines see:


http://uvvg.ro/socpol/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&amp;id=48&Itemid=53




All papers will go through a process of blind-reviewing.


Deadline 15th of June 2012




Dr Stephen Clucas,


Editor, Intellectual History Review




Reader in Early Modern Intellectual History,


English and Humanities,


Birkbeck, University of London,


Malet Street,


London, WC1E 7HX

===================

Dear colleagues,


The Konitsa Summer School organising committee is pleased to announce

that applications are now being accepted for the 7th "International

Summer School in Anthropology, Ethnography and Comparative Folklore of

the Balkans".





The deadline for the submission of applications is May 15, 2012.


Key lectures will be delivered by Prof. Keith Hart and Prof. Ulf



1. ///Albanian Culture and Society in Ethnographic and

Anthropological Analysis: A Critical Perspective/

2. ///Rituals, Symbols and Identities in Rural and Urban Contexts:

Approaches from Folklore and Anthropology/

3. ///Doing Fieldwork: Theory, Method and the Production of

Anthropological Knowledg/

4. /Ethnographic Research in Border Areas /(fieldwork exercise in

Albania and Greece)


6. ///Soundscapes of the Balkans: Flocks and Local Feasts, Rock-Bands

and Radio Waves/

7. ///The Anthropology of Dance/


For more, have a look at the following link:


http://www.hist-arch.uoi.gr/SUMMERSCHOOL/index.html

<http://www.hist-arch.uoi.gr/SUMMERSCHOOL/index.html>



With kind regards

==================================

New Title -- Orthodox Russia in Crisis: Church and Nation in the Time of Troubles



ISAIAH GRUBER

ORTHODOX RUSSIA IN CRISIS: CHURCH AND NATION IN THE TIME OF TROUBLES Northern Illinois University Press, 2012 Distributed by University of Chicago Press, 300 pages | 10 halftones | 6 x 9


A pivotal period in Russian history, the Time of Troubles in the early seventeenth century has taken on new resonance in the country's post-Soviet search for new national narratives. The historical role of the Orthodox Church has emerged as a key theme in contemporary remembrances of this time-but what precisely was that role?


The first comprehensive study of the Church during the Troubles, Orthodox Russia in Crisis reconstructs this tumultuous time, offering new interpretations of familiar episodes while delving deep into the archives to uncover a much fuller picture of the era. Analyzing these sources, Isaiah Gruber argues that the business activity of monasteries played a significant role in the origins and course of the Troubles and that frequent changes in power forced Church ideologues to innovate politically, for example inventing new justifications for power to be granted to the people and to royal women. These new ideas, Gruber contends, ultimately helped bring about a new age in Russian spiritual life and a crystallization of the national mentality.


http://press.uchicago.edu/ucp/books/book/distributed/O/bo13193099.html